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    當前位置: 作文>記敘文>記敘文寫作指導> 高分作文小技巧:比喻的另類使用

    高分作文小技巧:比喻的另類使用

    高分作文小技巧:比喻的另類使用

    我們常規學到的比喻的修辭手法無非兩種使用。

    一是閱讀理解中考察的比喻的作用,具體的答題格式我就不做贅述了,每個初中生必須掌握了。

    而在作文中,常規用法則是明喻,暗喻,借喻。

    舉一個最簡單的例子:“沉默的價值像金子一樣珍貴。”

    這就是一個明顯的明喻,本體喻體比喻詞都在。而我換一個用法,“沉默是金。”則變成了暗喻的用法。這種用法可以大量放在開頭的排比句中,既有分量,又很厚重。

    如古詩“山是眉黛聚,水是眼波橫”就是很好的代表。

    借喻則相對更顯文采。借喻是本體比喻詞都不出現,只參考喻體。比如,“皓月當空,我們的身上都被披上了一層珠紗。”珠紗是銀白純潔的月光的喻體。常用借喻,會使文章意蘊深長。

    今天范老師還想與大家一起分享一些特殊的比喻。

    一是巧用“想”字。

    古詩有云“云想衣裳花想容”,什么意思呢?看到云我們想到了飄逸的紗衣,看到花,我們想到了嬌美的容顏。這句詩的本質其實就是一個比喻。所以很多時候我們學古詩,被古詩,更多的要從寫作的角度去揣摩他。

    所以這樣的用法可以是“離家在外的我看著天上的圓月,卻想起了出發那天早起的母親給我煮的湯圓。”

    當然我們要注意,比喻句中本體和喻體不可以是相同的一種物品。

    而“想”字句又會在不知不覺中幫你完成“虛實結合”這樣一個重要的作文結構的搭建。

    二是“成”字句。

    “每天奔波勞累的爸爸把自己忙成了一個陀螺。”

    “哥哥早已經把他的心煉成鋼鐵。”

    諸如此類。其實“成”字句和我們暗喻手法中的“是”字句是一樣的模式,只不過“成”字句更側重選擇具有強烈情感特點表述的對象,并要求我們善于把共同的特點放出來。

    我的學生曾給我寫過這樣的句子,“你是風一樣的走了,卻又風一樣的在左在右。”“相思成樹,連虬成空。”這就是對這個技巧綜合運用比較好的表現。

    這篇文章我跟大家分享的寫作技巧非常小而且具象,但是大家一旦熟練掌握它,相信一定會為你的文章多多少少的增添一些光彩。

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